嵌入式关系分句

嵌入式关系分句的下定义是:

有一种关系分句(即定语从句),它既是先行词的后置修饰语(即定语),同时又是另外一个分句结构的宾语(即宾语从句)”,此分句结构就被嵌入在该定语从句中,即嵌入式关系分句。

例如:

In his breastpocket he had a patch of scarlet, which I suppose was the paper cap serving as a handkerchief.

需要注意两点:

第一,从句which I suppose was the paper cap serving as a handkerchief是patch of scarlet的定语从句

第二,该定语从句的先行词在patch of scarlet定语从句实际上是充当I suppose的宾语从句的主语的,还原进定语从句并补全省略部分,则有:
I suppose (that) patch of scarlet was the paper cap serving as a handkerchief. 

(that) patch of scarlet was the paper cap serving as a handkerchief是I suppose的宾语从句
综上所述,当先行词定语从句中充当的成分是另一个从句(宾语从句)的某个成分时(正常来说,先行词),则我们可以称这个定语从句为嵌入式关系分句,也就是将这个宾语从句嵌入到了定语从句中。

作者:毕出 更新时间:2017-01-01 23:51

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