The identification of femininity with morality and a belief in the innate moral superiority of women were fundamental to the cult of female domesticity in the nineteenth-century United States. Ironically, this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres and to enter prisons, hospitals, battlefields, and slums. By following this path, some women came to wield considerable authority in the distribution of resources and services in their communities.
The sentimentalized concept of female benevolence bore little resemblance to women's actual work, which was decidedly unsentimental and businesslike, in that it involved chartering societies, raising money, and paying salaries. Moreover, in the face of legal limitations on their right to control money and property, women had to find ingenious legal ways to run and finance organized philanthropy. In contrast to the day-to-day reality of this work, the idealized image of female benevolence lent a sentimental and gracious aura of altruism to the very real authority and privilege that some women commanded—which explains why some women activists clung tenaciously to this ideology. But clinging to this ideology also prevented these women from even attempting to gain true political power because it implied a moral purity that precluded participation in the messy world of partisan politics.
According to the passage, the ideology of female benevolence was consistent with women taking part in each of the following spheres of activity EXCEPT
fund-raising for worthy causes
A选项：有组织的慈善事业。定位在“women had to find ingenious legal ways to run and finance organized philanthropy”，说明在“善意”的意识下,女性还是聪明的选择了“避开”劣势，参与有组织的慈善。
C选项： Correct. 选举的政治权力。定位在文中的最后一句，作者表明了坚持这种意识的劣势就是没有政治权力。
D选项：财富引起的筹募基金活动。定位在第二段“involved chartering societies, raising money, and paying salaries”。说明女性在这种意识下是可以筹募基金的。
E选项：社会工作。定位在“Ironically, this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism”说明女性可以参加社会活动。