Traditional social science models of class groups in the United States are based on economic status and assume that women's economic status derives from association with men, typically fathers or husbands, and that women therefore have more compelling common interest with men of their own economic class than with women outside it. Some feminist social scientists, by contrast, have argued that the basic division in American society is instead based on gender, and that the total female population, regardless of economic status, constitutes a distinct class. Social historian Mary Ryan, for example, has argued that in early-nineteenth-century America the identical legal status of working-class and middle-class free women outweighed the differences between women of these two classes: married women, regardless of their family's wealth, did essentially the same unpaid domestic work, and none could own property or vote. Recently, though, other feminist analysts have questioned this model, examining ways in which the condition of working-class women differs from that of middle-class women as well as from that of working-class men. Ann Oakley notes, for example, that the gap between women of different economic classes widened in the late nineteenth century: most working-class women, who performed wage labor outside the home, were excluded from the emerging middle-class ideal of femininity centered around domesticity and volunteerism.

It can be inferred from the passage that the most recent feminist social science research on women and class seeks to do which of the following?

Introduce a divergent new theory about the relationship between legal status and gender

Illustrate an implicit middle-class bias in earlier feminist models of class and gender

Provide evidence for the position that gender matters more than wealth in determining class status

Remedy perceived inadequacies of both traditional social science models and earlier feminist analyses of class and gender

Challenge the economic definitions of class used by traditional social scientists












Correct. 修正传统和早期女权主义者关于阶层和性别的观点的不全面之处。如“考点”所说,现代的观点与前述的两个都不同,而且是指出了那两个观点的不足(examining ways in which the condition of working-class women differs from that of middle-class women as well as from that of working-class men),即前面的两个观点都有不对的地方。



登录注册 后可以参加讨论