Current feminist theory, in validating women's own stories of their experience, has encouraged scholars of women's history to view the use of women's oral narratives as the methodology, next to the use of women's written autobiography, that brings historians closest to the "reality" of women's lives. Such narratives, unlike most standard histories, represent experience from the perspective of women, affirm the importance of women's contributions, and furnish present-day women with historical continuity that is essential to their identity, individually and collectively.

Scholars of women's history should, however, be as cautious about accepting oral narratives at face value as they already are about written memories. Oral narratives are no more likely than are written narratives to provide a disinterested commentary on events or people. Moreover, the stories people tell to explain themselves are shaped by narrative devices and storytelling conventions, as well as by other cultural and historical factors, in ways that the storytellers may be unaware of. The political rhetoric of a particular era, for example, may influence women's interpretations of the significance of their experience. Thus a woman who views the Second World War as pivotal in increasing the social acceptance of women's paid work outside the home may reach that conclusion partly and unwittingly because of wartime rhetoric encouraging a positive view of women's participation in such work.

According to the passage, each of the following is a difference between women's oral narratives and most standard histories EXCEPT:

Women's oral histories validate the significance of women's achievements.

Women's oral histories depict experience from the point of view of women.

Women's oral histories acknowledge the influence of well-known women.

Women's oral histories present today's women with a sense of their historical relationship to women of the past.

Women's oral histories are crucial to the collective identity of today's women.






支持主题(Supporting ideas)



A选项:口述者承认女性的成就的重要性。定位在“affirm the importance of women's contributions”。

B选项:口述者从女性的经验的角度来描述历史。定位在“represent experience from the perspective of women”

C选项:Correct. 口述者承认有名的女人的影响。文中没有提到。

口述者用女性历史的观点来描述当下的女人。定位在furnish present-day women with historical continuity that is essential to their identity



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