Linda Kerber argued in the mid-1980s that after the American Revolution (1775–1783), an ideology of “republican motherhood” resulted in a surge of educational opportunities for women in the United States. Kerber maintained that the leaders of the new nation wanted women to be educated in order to raise politically virtuous sons. A virtuous citizenry was considered essential to the success of the country’s republican form of government; virtue was to be instilled not only by churches and schools, but by families, where the mother’s role was crucial. Thus, according to Kerber, motherhood became pivotal to the fate of the republic, providing justification for an unprecedented attention to female education.
Introduction of the “republican motherhood” thesis dramatically changed historiography. Prior to Kerber’s work, educational historians barely mentioned women and girls; Thomas Woody’s 1929 work is the notable exception. Examining newspaper advertisements for academies, Woody found that educational opportunities increased for both girls and boys around 1750. Pointing to “An Essay on Woman” (1753) as reflecting a shift in view, Woody also claimed that practical education for females had many advocates before the Revolution. Woody’s evidence challenges the notion that the Revolution changed attitudes regarding female education, although it may have accelerated earlier trends. Historians’ reliance on Kerber’s “republican motherhood” thesis may have obscured the presence of these trends, making it difficult to determine to what extent the Revolution really changed women’s lives.

The passage suggests that Woody would have agreed with which of the following claims regarding “An Essay on Woman”?

It expressed attitudes concerning women’s education that were reflected in new educational opportunities for women after 1750.

It persuaded educators to offer greater educational opportunities to women in the 1750s.

It articulated ideas about women’s education that would not be realized until after the American Revolution.

It offered one of the most original arguments in favor of women’s education in the United States in the eighteenth century.

It presented views about women’s education that were still controversial in Woody’s own time.



文章推断题:TW可能同意关于“An Essay on Woman”的哪点?









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