Arboria is floundering in the global marketplace,incurring devastating losses in market position and profits. The problem is not Arboria’s trade policy. Arboria faces the prospect of continuing economic loss until Arborian business and political leaders recognize the fundamental differences between Arboria and foreign economic systems. Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism but diminishing trade versus expanding trade.

Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy, an artifact of the mid-1940s when Arboria and Whorfland dominated the global economy, tariffs were the principal obstacle to trade, and Arborian supremacy was uncontested in virtually all industries. In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shifted radically. Arborian trade policy has not.

Today, Arbona's trade policy seems paralyzed by the relentless conflict between proponents of “free” and “fair” trade. The free traders argue that Arbonian markets should be open, and the movement of goods and services across national borders unrestrained. The fair traders assert that access to Arborian markets should be restricted until Arborian businesses are granted equal access to foreign markets. They contend that free trade is impossible whlie other nations erect barriers to Arborian exports.

Both are correct: fair trade requires equal access and equal access leads to free trade. But both sides base their positions on the same two outdated premises:

1.Global commerce is conducted under the terms of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (IGAT) and dominated by Arboria and similar economic systems abroad.

2.Multilateral negotiations are the most effective way to resolve pressing trade issues. 

Both assumptions are wrong. The 40-year-old GATT now covers less than 7 percent of global commerce. World trade is no longer dominated by the free-trade economies; nearly 75 percent is conducted by economic systems operating with principles at odds with those of Arboria. Forging a multilateral trade policy consensus among so many diverse economic systems has become virtually impossible. And while multilateral talks drag on, Arboria misses opportunities for trade expansion.

The author asserts which of the following about Arboria's trade policy?

 A dramatic revision of Arboria's trade policy will be necessary unless Arboran manufacturers improve the quality of their goods.

The most crucial issue facing Arborian trade policymakers is that of free trade versus protectionism.

Arboria's current trade policy was essentially developed during the 1940s and has changed little since that time.

Arboria's trade policy is widely emulated throughout the world, to the extent that most international commerce is modeled on Arboria's principles.

Arboria's trade policy has evolved gradually over the last eighty years, constantly readjusting itself in response to shifts in global commerce.






B选项:Arboria面临的最严峻的问题是free trade VS protectionism:原文在第一段就说明“Today the key trade issue is not free trade versus protectionism”,即现在的主要矛盾不是free trade VS protectionism。

C选项:正确。Arboria现在的贸易政策在1940s充分发展,并且自此几乎没变过:与原文一致。第二段描述了1940s的政策如何让Arboria称霸,但段末提到“In the intervening decades, economic circumstances have shiftedradically. Arborian trade policy has not”。即经济形式大变样,但Arboria的贸易政策没变。


Arboria的贸易政策在过去八十年逐渐进化,不断地调整自己以应对全球商业的变化:与原文不符。作者已经明确指出“Arboria is operating with an obsolete trade policy”。


登录注册 后可以参加讨论