Hea Sook: One should not readily believe urban legends. Most legends are propagated because the moral lesson underlying them supports a political agenda. People will repeat a tale if it fits their purpose. They may not deliberately spread untruths, but neither are they particularly motivated to investigate deeply to determine if the tale they are telling is true.


Kayla:But people would not repeat stories that they did not believe were true.Therefore, one can safely assume that if a story has been repeated by enough people then it is more likely to be true.

Kayla's reply is most vulnerable to the criticism that it


does not specify how many people need to repeat a story before someone is justified believing it    

overstates the significance of political agendas in the retelling of stories    

fails to address the claim that people will not verify the truth of a story that fits their purpose    

implicitly supports the claim that the people repeating legends are not deliberately spreading untruths    

cannot distinguish people's motivations for repeating urban legends from their motivations for repeating other types of story    

考题讲解

情景:Hea sook:一个人不应该相信那些都市传奇,大部分都是为了一些政治目的而被宣传的。如果一个传说符合他们的目的的话,人们会重复那个传说。他们不是故意传播非真实的故事,但也不会去验证其真伪。

Kayla:但是人们不会重复那些他们认为是假的的故事。因此,如果一个故事被重复了很多次那么这个故事就有可能是真的。

推理:Kayla认为“愿意重复=认为是真的” ,即因为是真的,所以愿意重复。属于果因推理,我们要对其进行削弱。

选项分析:

A选项:没有说明在一个人愿意相信一个故事前需要多少人来重复这个故事:与多少人重复这个故事无关。

B选项:在重复讲故事这件事上高估了政治宣传的重要性:无关。

C选项:正确。没能强调“人们不会去验证符合其目的的故事的真伪”这一论点:heasook已经说明人们重复一个故事是因为符合他们的目的,而不是因为这个故事是真的。指出了愿意重复的另一个原因。

D选项:
暗中支持了“重复故事的人不是故意传播假故事的”这一论点:无关。我们探讨的是“愿意重复”这个行为的原因。

E选项:
没能分清人们重复都市传奇的动机和重复其他类型故事的动机:无关。

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