When asteroids collide, some collisions cause an asteroid to spin faster; others slow it down. If asteroids are all monoliths—singlerocks—undergoing random collisions, a graph of their rotation rates should show a bell-shaped distribution with statistical “tails” of very fast and very slow rotators. If asteroids are rubble piles, however, the tail representing the very fast rotators would be missing,because any loose aggregate spinning faster than once every few hours(depending on the asteroid’s bulk density) would fly apart. Researchers have discovered that all but five observed asteroids obey a strict limit on rate of rotation.The exceptions are all smaller than 200 meters in diameter, with an abrupt cutoff for asteroids larger than that.
The evident conclusion—that asteroids larger than 200 meters across are multicomponent structures or rubble piles—agrees with recent computer modeling of collisions, which also finds a transition at that diameter. A collision can blast a large asteroid to bits, but after the collision those bits will usually move slower than their mutual escape velocity. Over several hours, gravity will reassemble all but the fastest pieces into a rubble pile. Because collisions among asteroids are relatively frequent, most large bodies have already suffered this fate. Conversely, most small asteroids should be monolithic, because impact fragments easily escape their feeble gravity.
The passage implies which of the following about the five asteroids mentioned in the highlighted text?
Their rotation rates are approximately the same.
They have undergone approximately the same number of collisions.
They are monoliths.
They are composed of fragments that have escaped the gravity of larger asteroids.
They were detected only recently.
2. 比200米大的行星是rubber pile，这个结论是对的。因为大的行星被撞后成了碎片，这些碎片的移动速度比逃跑速度小，所以几个小时后，这些速度慢的会聚在一起，速度快的就跑了。