Two works published in 1984 demonstrate contrasting approaches to writing the history of United States women. Buel and Buel's biography of Mary Fish (1736–1818) makes little effort to place her story in the context of recent historiography on women. Lebsock, meanwhile, attempts not only to write the history of women in one southern community, but also to redirect two decades of historiographical debate as to whether women gained or lost status in the nineteenth century as compared with the eighteenth century. Although both books offer the reader the opportunity to assess this controversy regarding women's status, only Lebsock's deals with it directly. She examines several different aspects of women's status, helping to refine and resolve the issues. She concludes that while women gained autonomy in some areas, especially in the private sphere, they lost it in many aspects of the economic sphere. More importantly, she shows that the debate itself depends on frame of reference: in many respects, women lost power in relation to men, for example, as certain jobs (delivering babies, supervising schools) were taken over by men. Yet women also gained power in comparison with their previous status, owning a higher proportion of real estate, for example. In contrast, Buel and Buel's biography provides ample raw material for questioning the myth, fostered by some historians, of a colonial golden age in the eighteenth century but does not give the reader much guidance in analyzing the controversy over women's status.

The passage suggests that Lebsock believes that compared to nineteenth-century American women, eighteenth-century American women were

in many respects less powerful in relation to men

more likely to own real estate

generally more economically independent

more independent in conducting their private lives

less likely to work as school superintendents





A选项:在许多地方的权利都不如男性:与原文相反。原文说19世纪的时候,女性在许多地方的权利没有男人多( in many respects, women lost power in relation to men)。

B选项:更可能拥有地产:与原文相反。文章认为19世纪的女性拥有更多的地产(owning a higher proportion of real estate)。

C选项:正确。经济更独立:与原文“they(women in 19 century)lost it in many aspectsof the economic sphere”一致。相比于18世纪,女性在19世纪失去了更多的经济地位。

D选项:在私人生活方面更独立:与原文相反。原文说19世纪的女性在私人方面获得更多权利,说明在18世纪相对较少(women gained autonomy in some areas, especially in the private sphere)。



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