A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?


The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.

Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.

This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.

考题讲解

情景:一个主要的网络新闻组织在发布了一篇有争议性的经济报道之后出现了流量的下滑。与此同时,组织也收到了大量针对该报告的投诉意见。但是,组织坚持认为报道产生的负面影响与观众的减少无关。

推理:本题是一个“现象解释型考题”。按照正常逻辑来说,即,结论应该为“报道产生的负面影响导致了观众的减少”。前提中“报道产生的负面影响”和“观众的减少”具有时间关联结论正两者为因果关系,属于相关因果推理
前提:“报道产生的负面影响”和“观众的减少”之间存在正相关关系
结论:报道产生的负面影响导致了观众的减少。

选题方式:相关因果推理有四个评估方向,简而言之,即,答案选项要么同时提及“报道产生的负面影响”和“观众的减少”,要么给“观众的减少”另外一个原因。

选项分析:

A选项:Correct. 其它各大主流网络新闻组织在同一时期出现了类似的情况。这说明流量下滑的原因可能是行业性的,其给了“观众的减少”另一个原因。属于CQ4:独立第三因素问题

B选项: 提出投诉意见的都是该组织的常规读者。本选项没有提及因和果。

C选项: 仅当大网站受到报告的负面评价后,它们才会把观众减少归因为报告的负面评价。本选项指出的是各大网站做出结论的标准,无关于推理文段的因果。

D选项:
该新闻组织因为发表争议性报道而招致投诉的事情已经不是第一次了。本选项没有提及因和果。

E选项:
网络新闻是网络新闻受众关于经济新闻的主要信息来源。本选项讨论的是网络新闻的特点,无关于推理文段的因果。

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