Some observers have attributed the dramatic growth in temporary employment that occurred in the United States during the 1980s to increased participation in the workforce by certain groups, such as first-time or reentering workers, who supposedly prefer such arrangements. However, statistical analyses reveal that demographic changes in the workforce did not correlate with variations in the total number of temporary workers. Instead, these analyses suggest that factors affecting employers account for the rise in temporary employment. One factor is product demand: temporary employment is favored by employers who are adapting to fluctuating demand for products while at the same time seeking to reduce overall labor costs. Another factor is labor's reduced bargaining strength, which allows employers more control over the terms of employment. Given the analyses, which reveal that growth in temporary employment now far exceeds the level explainable by recent workforce entry rates of groups said to prefer temporary jobs, firms should be discouraged from creating excessive numbers of temporary positions. Government policymakers should consider mandating benefit coverage for temporary employees, promoting pay equity between temporary and permanent workers, assisting labor unions in organizing temporary workers, and encouraging firms to assign temporary jobs primarily to employees who explicitly indicate that preference.


The primary purpose of the passage is to


present the results of statistical analyses and propose further studies

explain a recent development and predict its eventual consequences

identify the reasons for a trend and recommend measures to address it

outline several theories about a phenomenon and advocate one of them

describe the potential consequences of implementing a new policy and argue in favor of that policy

考题讲解
还没有题目讲解(毕出老师会陆续发布对官方考题的解读,请保持关注)。

登录注册 后可以参加讨论

OG13-RC