Proposed new safety rules for Beach City airport would lengthen considerably the minimum
time between takeoffs from the airport. In consequence, the airport would be able to
accommodate 10 percent fewer flights than currently use the airport daily. The city's
operating budget depends heavily on taxes generated by tourist spending, and most of the
tourists come by plane. Therefore, the proposed new safety rules, if adopted, will reduce
the revenue available for the operating budget.
The argument depends on assuming which of the following?
(A) There are no periods of the day during which the interval between flights taking off
from the airport is significantly greater than the currently allowed minimum.
(B) Few, if any, of the tourists who use Beach City airport do so when their main
destination is a neighboring community and not Beach City itself.
(C) If the proposed safety rules are adopted, the reduction in tourist numbers will not
result mainly from a reduction in the number of tourists who spend relatively little in
(D) Increasing the minimum time between takeoffs is the only way to achieve necessary
safety improvements without a large expenditure by the city government on airport
(E) The response to the adoption of the new safety rules would not include a large
increase in the number of passengers per flight.
Political Advertisement: Mayor Delmont's critics complain about the jobs that were lost in
the city under Delmont's leadership. Yet the fact is that not only were more jobs created
than were eliminated, but each year since Delmont took office the average pay for the new
jobs created has been higher than that year's average pay for jobs citywide. So it stands
to reason that throughout Delmont's tenure the average paycheck in this city has been
getting steadily bigger.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the advertisement?
(A) The unemployment rate in the city is higher today than it was when Mayor Delmont
(B) The average pay for jobs in the city was at a ten-year low when Mayor Delmont took
(C) Each year during Mayor Delmont's tenure, the average pay for jobs that were
eliminated has been higher than the average pay for jobs citywide.
(D) Most of the jobs eliminated during Mayor Delmont's tenure were in declining
(E) The average pay for jobs in the city is currently lower than it is for jobs in the suburbs
surrounding the city.