《毕出21套》解析:语法第6套

毕出 ·

语法第 6 套


1.

Sojourner Truth, the Black feminist lecturer of the pre-Civil War period, worked in the household of a Dutch master in upstate New York until she was 20, and for most of that time she spoke only Dutch.


(A) worked in the household of a Dutch master in upstate New York until she was 20, and for most of that time she spoke only Dutch

(B) spoke only Dutch for most of the time she worked in the household of a Dutch master in upstate New York until she was 20

(C) until she was 20 working in the household of a Dutch master in upstate New York, she spoke only Dutch for most of that time

(D) speaking only Dutch for most of the time she worked in the household of a Dutch master in upstate New York, which was until she was 20

(E) working in the household of a Dutch master in upstate New York until she was 20, for most of that time she spoke only Dutch


解析:

A. 正确。

B. 给句子划成分:Sojourner Truth(主) spoke(谓) only Dutch(宾) for most of the time(状),之后的“she worked in the household...”如果看成一个新句子,那么它和前面的完整句之间缺少连词,语法有误;如果看成省略了连词that的time的定语从句,那么先行词代入从句后:she worked time in the household...(她工作了时间),语意有误。

C. 整句话有两个主语,语法有误。

D. 整句话缺少谓语动词,且for most of the time she worked...语意有误同B。

E. 整句话缺少谓语动词,且for most of the time she worked...语意有误同B。


2. 

After long denouncing nicotine for its highly addictive properties, which cause people to become dependent on tobacco, scientists have begun to consider it as a potential treatment for a variety of disorders, including stress, Alzheimer’s disease, and attention deficit disorder.


(A) which cause people to become dependent on tobacco, scientists have begun to consider it as a potential treatment for

(B) which cause people to become dependent on tobacco, scientists have begun considering it for potentially treating

(C) causing people to become dependent on tobacco, scientists have begun considering it for potentially treating

(D) causing people to become dependent on tobacco, scientists have begun to consider its potential to treat

(E) in causing people to become dependent on tobacco, scientists have begun considering it as a potential treatment for


解析:

A. 正确。

B. 主句中,for treating是状语,修饰consider,此时整句话的字面意思为“为了治疗疾病,科学家认为它(it指代尼古丁)”,“治疗”成了“认为”这个动作的目的,不合逻辑;A中的as a treatment是宾补,属于主干成分,整句话的字面意思为“科学家认为它是一种治疗手段”。相比之下,A更和逻辑。

C. 逗号隔开的doing是伴随状语,causing此时修饰consider,其逻辑主语变成scientists,但并不是科学家造成人们依赖烟草,而是addictive properties才对。

D. causing做状语,错误同C。

E. in causing是介词短语作状语修饰动作,但如C所讲,“造成人们依赖烟草”是addictive properties的特点,并不是consider这个动作的特点。

3. 

Women are expected to be the majority of students entering law school this fall, a trend ultimately placing more women in leadership positions in politics and business.


(A)  Women are expected to be the majority of students entering law school this fall, a trend ultimately placing

(B) The majority of students entering law school this fall are expected to be women, a trend that will ultimately place

(C) The majority of students entering law school this fall are expected to be women, which will ultimately place

(D) It is expected that the majority of students entering law school this fall will be women, a trend ultimately placing

(E) It is expected for women to be the majority of students entering law school this fall, which will ultimately place


解析:

A. 主句主干:Women are expected to be the majority of students(女性是大部分学生)。在SVC句型中,补语是补充说明主语的特点,所以补语的范围通常需要比主语的范围大一些。比如,我们会说“小明是男孩”,但不会说“男孩是小明”,“男孩”这个大一些的概念在补充说明“小明”这个小一些的概念。所以,逻辑上“大部分学生是女性”更合理。

B. 正确。主句主干:The majority of students are expected to be women(大部分学生是女性)。trend是同位语,同位前面一整句话(注:同位语可以同位一个名词,也可同位一句话)

C. which引导定语从句,需要修饰一个具体的名词,但前面没有可以让它合理修饰的对象。

D. 固定搭配:被动语态中,be expected身后只能是to do,不能加从句。

E. which引导定语从句,没有合理修饰对象,错误同C。

4. 

When adjusted for body weight, children of various age groups in the United States have a caffeine intake that ranges from 36 to 58 percent of the average amount consumed by adults.


(A) children of various age groups in the United States have a caffeine intake that ranges from 36 to 58 percent of the average amount consumed by adults

(B) the caffeine intake of children of various age groups in the United States ranges from 36 to 58 percent of the average amount consumed by adults

(C) various age groups of children in the United States range in caffeine intake from 36 to 58 percent of that consumed by the average adult

(D) in the United States, children of various age groups have a caffeine intake that ranges from 36 to 58 percent of the average adult's consumption

(E) in the United States, the caffeine intake of children in various age groups ranges from 36 to 58 percent of that consumed by the average adult


解析:

A. when adjusted...是伴随状语,其逻辑主语与主句主语一致。代入:children are adjusted for body weight(小孩被调整)。但逻辑上,小孩不能是被调整的对象,只能是caffeine intake(咖啡因的摄入量)被调整。

B. 正确。

C. 主语是groups of children,语意有误同A。

D. 主语是children,语意有误同A。

E. “in the United States”做状语修饰range,意为“在...范围变动”这个动作的发生地点是美国;B中的“in the United States”做定语修饰“children of various age groups”,意为“美国的不同年龄段的孩子”。range这样一个抽象的动作是没有具体的发生地点的;相比之下,研究的对象是“美国的”孩子,更合理。


5.

In a crowded, acquisitive world, the disappearance of lifestyles such as those once followed by southern Africa's Bushmen and Australia's Aboriginal people, requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seem inevitably doomed.


(A) requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seem inevitably doomed

(B) requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems to be inevitably doomed

(C) which require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seem to be inevitably doomed

(D) lifestyles that require vast wild spaces and permit little accumulation of goods, seem inevitable

(E) lifestyles requiring vast wild spaces and permitting little accumulation of goods, seems inevitable


解析:

A. 整句话主语为“the disappearance”,谓语用seem,出现了主谓不一致的错误。inevitably和doomed均有“不可避免”的意思,赘余。

B. requiring是伴随状语,其逻辑主语此时是“the disappearance”,但逻辑上是“lifestyle(生活方式)”要求很大的空间,并不是“消失”要求很大的空间。

C. 主谓不一致同A。

D. 主谓不一致同A。

E. 正确。 


6.

Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel, ten million acres of forest have been lost there since 1960, resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than in 1960.


(A) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than

(B) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute as

(C) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than it did

(D) and as a result wood now costs eight times as much to collect and distribute as it did

(E) and wood now costs eight times as much as a result to collect and distribute than


解析:

A. resulting是伴随状语,其逻辑主语为forest,代入后:forest(主) result in(谓) wood(宾)now costing eight times...(定语)。此状语从句抽主干则为:森林导致木头。语意有误。

as和than搭配有误,要不然是as...as,要不然是比较级...than。

B. 状语从句主干为“森林导致木头”,语意有误同A。

C. 状语从句主干为“森林导致木头”,语意有误同A;as和than搭配有误。

D. 正确。

E. as和than搭配有误。


7.

It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.


(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise

(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praise

(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post won high praise under her command


解析:

A. 正确。and前后的两句话均采用了强调句型“it is...that...”。

B. and身后的完整句采用了过去完成时,但整句话必须有个明确的、过去发生的动作为标志才能用过去完成时。如:by the time I arrived at the bus station, the bus had left.表示在我“到达车站”之前,车“已经”走了。但在这句话中,“赢得称赞”和“跻身第一”之间没有明确的时间先后关系,所以用had won这样的过去完成时不合适。

C. having won是伴随状语,修饰move into the first rank,且having done表示先于主句动作发生。但逻辑上,“在报道Watergate丑闻中赢得赞誉”和“报纸跻身第一”之间没有逻辑关系,也没有明确的先后发生顺序,所以用并列句更合逻辑。

D. 整句话缺少谓语动词。

E. Moving into做伴随状语修饰won,逻辑有误同C。


8.

Like any star of similar mass would do, once the Sun has exhausted the hydrogen in its core, it expands into a red giant, eventually ejecting its outer envelope of gases to become a white dwarf.


(A) Like any star of similar mass would do, once the Sun has exhausted the hydrogen in its core, it expands into a red giant, eventually ejecting

(B) Like any star of similar mass, once the hydrogen in the Sun's core is exhausted, then it expands into a red giant and eventually ejects

(C) As in the case of any star of similar mass, once the hydrogen in the Sun's core is exhausted, it will expand into a red giant, and eventually ejecting

(D) As any star of similar mass would, once the hydrogen in the Sun's core is exhausted it will expand into a red giant and will eventually eject

(E) As would be the case with any star of similar mass, once the Sun exhausts the hydrogen in its core, it will expand into a red giant and eventually eject


解析:

A. Like表比较的时候,是介词,身后只能跟名词。此选项中,like身后加了句子,属于语法错误。

B. once引导的从句中,主干为:the hydrogen(主) is exhausted(谓),意为“氢气被释放”,此时我们不知道exhaust的逻辑主语是谁;而E选项中,明确说明是太阳释放了氢气。结合主句“太阳会膨胀”,从句说明是“太阳”释放了氢气更合理。

C. As表比较的时候是连词,身后要加句子,不能加直接介词短语。

D. 字面意思为“一旦氢气被释放后,太阳膨胀”,没有说明释放的主语是谁,语意有误同B。

E. 正确。As身后出现了倒装,还原之后是:As the case(主) with any star of similar mass(定) would be(谓),意为“像有相似质量的星星的情况一样”。后半句字面意思为“一旦太阳释放了氢气,太阳会膨胀”,合理。


9.

When the temperature of a gas is increased, it is either accompanied by an increase in pressure if the gas is enclosed in a container, or an increase in volume if the gas is able to expand.


(A) When the temperature of a gas is increased, it is either accompanied by an increase in pressure if the gas is enclosed in a container, or

(B) When the temperature of a gas is increased, it is accompanied either by an increase in pressure if it is enclosed in a container or

(C) When the temperature of a gas is increased, the increase is either accompanied by an increase in pressure if the gas is enclosed in a container or by

(D) Any increase in the temperature of a gas is either accompanied by an increase in pressure if it is enclosed in a container, or by

(E) Any increase in the temperature of a gas is accompanied either by an increase in pressure if the gas is enclosed in a container or by


解析:

A. it指代temperature,此时主句的字面意思为“温度被气压的增加伴随”,但逻辑上应该是“温度的增加被气压的增加伴随”。

either...or是平行触发语。either A or B中,A B的格式必须一致。此选项中,either身后是accompanied by an increase,而or后面只有an increase,平行格式不正确。

B. it指代temperature有误,同A;either...or平行格式不正确,同A。

C. 主句的主语increase指的是when引导的从句中提到的“温度增加”,但一个词或者句子不能即做主语又做状语,即发出某个动作又修饰这个动作,没有意义。

either...or平行格式不正确,同A。

D. either...or平行格式不正确,同A。

E. 正确。

10.

Whereas the use of synthetic fertilizers has greatly expanded agricultural productivity in many parts of the world, an increase in their use can create serious environmental problems such as water pollution, and their substitution for more traditional fertilizers may accelerate soil structure deterioration and soil erosion.


(A)   an increase in their use can create serious environmental problems such as water pollution, and their substitution for more traditional fertilizers

(B) an increase in their use can create serious environmental problems like water pollution, and if substituted for more traditional fertilizers, it

(C) if these fertilizers are used increasingly, they can create serious environmental problems such as water pollution, and if used as substitutions for more traditional fertilizers, they

(D) the increased usage of these fertilizers can create serious environmental problems such as water pollution, while if substituted for more traditional fertilizers, this substitution

(E) the increased usage of these fertilizers can create serious environmental problems like water pollution, while their substitution for more traditional fertilizers


解析:

A. 正确。

B. and身后的if substituted...是伴随状语,其逻辑主语与主句主语一致,为it。it指代increase,那么伴随状语还原则为“if the increase is substituted for fertilizers(增加替代了化肥)”,语意有误。只能说化肥替代化肥。

C. 主句主语为they,指代化肥;而A中主句主语的核心词为the increase。逻辑上,造成环境问题的并不是“化肥”本身,而是“化肥用多了”,即increase。所以,此选项主语有误。

D. 主句主语为usage,但同C所讲,并不是“化肥”本身,也不是“化肥的使用”造成环境污染,而是“化肥用多了”,即increase造成环境问题。

E. 主句主语为usage,语意有误同D。

11.

The spraying of pesticides can be carefully planned, but accidents, weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had anticipated.

(A) weather conditions that could not be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than they had

(B) weather conditions that cannot be foreseen, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than

(C) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors are the cause of much larger deposits of spray than they had

(D) weather conditions that are not foreseeable, and pilot errors often cause much larger deposits of spray than

(E) unforeseeable weather conditions, and pilot errors often cause much  larger deposits of spray than they had


解析:

A. they没有合理的指代对象。鉴于后面是谓语anticipate,表明这个they是主动发出“期待”这个词,但逻辑上只有“人”才能主动期待,整句话并没有出现此类的复数词。

B. 正确。

C. they没有合理的指代对象,错误同A。

另外,整句话主干为:accidents, conditions, and pilot errors(主) are(谓) the cause(补),意为“这三者是原因”,而B选项主句的主干为“这三者造成累积”。若要和前半句形成转折,应该是“虽然农业的喷洒是可以被精心计划的,但这三者会造成不好的结果”;而不是“虽然农业的喷洒是可以被精心计划的,但这三者是原因”。

D. that引导的定语从句的主干:weather conditions(主)are(谓) not foreseeable(补).

这句话讲的是:天气情况本身的特点是“不可以预测的”。而B选项中定语从句的主干为:Weather(主)cannot be foreseen(谓),讲的是某人或者某些机构目前还没有预测出这些天气。举例说明:

(1) The book is not touchable. (2) The book is not touched

句(1)讲的是“书是不可触摸的”,这是在描述书的一种特征,即,可能这些书是电子书,总之它们是不具备可触摸性的。句(2)讲的是“书没有被触摸过”。即,这些都是真的书,只不过目前还没被触摸过,或许之后可能会被触摸。

同理,本题讲的是“还没有被预见到的天气条件”,而不是那些“不具备可预见性的天气”(可能是一些神奇的气象条件,类似于刚才例子里的电子书)。

E. they没有合理的指代对象,错误同A。 


12.

In the traditional Japanese household, most clothing could be packed flatly, and so it was not necessary to have elaborate closet facilities.


(A) flatly, and so it was not necessary to have elaborate closet facilities

(B) flat, and so elaborate closet facilities were unnecessary

(C) flatly, and so there was no necessity for elaborate closet facilities

(D) flat, there being no necessity for elaborate closet facilities

(E) flatly, as no elaborate closet facilities were necessary


解析:

A. flatly做状语,修饰动作packed,意为“叠衣服”这个动作是“平整地发生”。但逻辑上,只能形容“衣服”是平整的,不能说某个动作是“平整地”。

B. 正确。flat是宾补,补充说明逻辑宾语clothing。(clothing could be packed flat还原成主语语态:sb(主)pack(谓) clothing(宾) flat(宾补).注:主动变被动的时候,只有主语和宾语会调换成分,剩下的宾补定语状语等等依旧维持在主动语态中的成分。)

C. flatly做状语,修饰动作pack,语意有误同A。

D. there being no necessity是独立主格,还原之后为:there is no necessity。此时选项的字面意思为“大部分衣服可以被叠平整,所以这里没有必要性”。但没有谁的必要性也没在主干里说清楚。而B选项的字面意思为“大部分衣服可以被叠平整,所以衣柜是没有必要的”。很明显,后者语意更合理。

E. flatly做状语,修饰动作pack,语意有误同A。

13.

Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.


(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend

(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending

(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend

(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending

(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending


解析:

A. spend和see并列,同为主动要求医生做的两件事。但逻辑上来讲,我们可以要求医生“see more patients(看更多的病人)”,但不可能明文规定要求医生“spend less time with each(在每个病人身上花更少的时间)”,否则病人就炸了。。如果如D所写,用spending,是伴随状语,表示它是see more patients这件事的一个不可避免的结果,修饰see,合理。

B. 此选项中,impose、require和spend并列,主语均为plan。但逻辑上不能是“计划”在每个病人身上花更少的时间。所以spend的主语有误。

C. impose、require和spend并列,spend的主语有误同B。

D. 正确。

E. require和spend并列,spend的主语有误同B。

14.

The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades, as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel once conducted operations from mining at one end of the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down altogether. 


(A) as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel

(B) as large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that

(C) with large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that

(D) while large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that

(E) and large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel


解析:

A. as引导原因状语从句,从句中主语为companies,谓语为have downsized和shut down。conducted从语法上来看只能是过去分词,做companies的定语。因为过去分词表被动,所以此时定语的字面意思为:公司“被”从事。但逻辑上公司应该主动发出conduct这个动作,所以此选项语意有误。

B. 正确。that引导定语从句,conduct是定语从句中的谓语动词。

C. with是介词,身后只能加名词,不能加句子。此选项语法有误。

D. while表转折或者同时发生,但前后两句应该是因果的逻辑关系。即,钢铁工业发生巨大改变,因为一些大公司规模减小或者倒闭。

E. conducted为过去分词表被动,修饰companies,语意有误同A。

15.

In preparation for the prediction of a major earthquake that will hit the state, a satellite-based computer network is being built by the California Office of Emergency Services for identifying earthquake damage and to pinpoint the most affected areas within two hours of the event.


(A) In preparation for the prediction of a major earthquake that will hit the state, a satellite-based computer network is being built by the California Office of Emergency Services for identifying

(B) In preparing for the prediction that a major earthquake will hit the state, the California Office of Emergency Services is building a satellite based computer network that will identify

(C) In preparing for a major earthquake that is predicted to hit the state, the California Office of Emergency Services is building a satellite-based computer network to identify

(D) To prepare for the prediction of a major earthquake hitting the state, a satellite-based computer network is being built by the California Office of Emergency Services to identify

(E) To prepare for a major earthquake that is predicted to hit the state, the California Office of Emergency Services is building a satellite-based computer network that will identify


解析:

A. and身后的to pinpoint往前找没有并列对象。逻辑上pinpoint应该和identity并列,但两者的格式不并列,语法有误。

B. to pinpoint往前找没有并列对象,语法有误同A。

C. 正确。

D. To prepare是不定式做目的状语,其逻辑主语与主句主语一致,但network无法发出prepare这个动作,逻辑上应该是the California Office of Emergency Services去prepare。

E. to pinpoint往前找没有并列对象,语法有误同A。

16.

On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow, as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks.


(A) On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow

(B) On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are, it is believed, the rate of tree growth

(C) On Earth, the rate at which trees grow is believed to be among the surest indications of sunspot cycles

(D) Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles, believed to be the tree growth rate

(E) Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles is believed to be the rate at which trees grow


解析:

A. 整句话出现倒装现象,还原为:the rate(主) that trees grow(定) are believed(谓) to be among the surest indications of sunspot cycles(宾补)。主语为rate,谓语用are believed,出现了主谓不一致的错误。

B. 主谓不一致,错误同A。

C. On earth作状语修饰谓语动词“is believed”,意为“被相信”这个动作发生在地球上,但“相信”是一个很抽象的动作,是没有具体的发生地点的;E选项中,on Earth做定语修饰indications,意为“地球上最靠谱的标志”,合理。

另外,as seen in the rings是伴随状语,在此选项中修饰is believed,意为“rate被相信”这件事体现在年轮上;E中,as seen in the rings就近修饰trees grow,意为“树生长”这件事体现在年轮上。语意上,后者更合理。

D. 整句话缺少谓语动词。

E. 正确。 

17.

One analyst of the liquor industry estimated that this year a few liquor stores have experienced declining sales of up to fifty percent but predicted that the industry as a whole will maintain a volume of sales fairly close to last year.


(A)  declining sales of up to fifty percent but predicted that the industry as a whole will maintain a volume of sales fairly close to last year

(B) declines in sales of up to fifty percent but predicted that the industry as a whole would have maintained a volume of sales fairly close to last year

(C) up to fifty percent in declining sales but predicted that the industry as a whole would maintain a volume of sales fairly close to last year’s

(D) sales declines of up to fifty percent but predicted that the industry as a whole would maintain a volume of sales fairly close to last year’s

(E) declines up to fifty percent of sales but predicted that the industry as a whole will have maintained a volume of sales fairly close to last year’s


解析:

A. 宾语从句抽主干:stores(主) have experienced(谓) sales(宾). 意为“商店经历了销售”。但逻辑上商店经历的应该是decline才对,所以此选项出现了语意错误。

close to身后是last year,但不能说销量接近“去年”,应该是销量接近“去年的销量”。

B. close后是last year,错误同A。

C. 宾语的核心词是fifty percent,但商店经历一个“百分比”也不合逻辑。

D. 正确。宾语核心词是“declines”。“sales declines of up to fifty percent”是动作名词化,是由“sales(主)decline(谓)fifty percent(宾)”这句话变过来的。按理说商店应该经历一件事情,但宾语位置只能放名词性质的词,所以此处进行了名词化处理。

E. 在declines up to fifty percent of sales中,sales变成了fifty percent的定语,但由于这句话是从句子变过来的(如D选项的解析),sales应该做decline的主语,所以应该放到decline身前才可以。

18.

According to a 1996 study published in the Journal of Human Resources, Americans of Middle Eastern descent were twice as likely as was the national average to be self-employed.


(A) as was the national average to be self-employed

(B) as the average American to be self-employed

(C) as the national average that they would be self-employed

(D) to be self-employed than was the average American

(E) that they would be self-employed than was the national average


解析:

A. 此选项中对比的对象是“Americans of Middle Eastern descent(有中东血统的美国人)”和“the national average(国家的平均值)”,但我们只能比较“人”和“人”,不能拿人和一个“平均值”比较。

B. 正确。比较的是“Americans of Middle Eastern descent”和“the average American”。

C. “某人可能做某事”的表达为:sb be likely to do sth,不能是“sb be likely that..”。

D. 表比较用as...as,或者比较级 + than;不能用as + than。

E. as和than搭配有误。


19.

At one time, the majestic American chestnut was so prevalent that it was said a squirrel could jump from tree to tree without once touching the ground between New York State and Georgia.


(A)so prevalent that it was said a squirrel could

(B)so prevalent that a squirrel was said that it could

(C)so prevalent for a squirrel to be said to be able to

(D)prevalent enough that it was said a squirrel could

(E)prevalent enough for a squirrel to be said to be able to


解析:

A. 正确。it是形式主语,指代that身后的一整句,意为“松鼠可以跳来跳去”这件事被听说了。

B. that身后的句子划成分:a squirrel(主) was said(谓) that it could jump…(宾语从句)。如果我们将这个被动句还原成主动语态:sb(主) say(谓) a squirrel(宾语1) that it could jump...(宾语2),此时say这个动作带了双宾语。但say这个动作不可以带双宾语,我们只能说“有人说了一件事”,这件事是“松鼠如何如何”,但不能说“有人说了一只松鼠一件事”。

C. 表因果要用“so...that”或者“so as to”,不能用so...to

D. 只有enough to do的用法,没有enough that这种用法。

E. for sb to do sth是不定式复合结构,sb是do的逻辑主语,此时被说的对象就是“松鼠”,但逻辑上只能“一件事情”被说。语意有误同B。


20.

Some patients who do not respond to therapies for depression may simply have received inadequate treatment, having, for example, been prescribed a drug at a dosage too low to be effective or having been taken off a drug too soon.


(A) having, for example, been prescribed a drug at a dosage too low to be effective or having been

(B) having, for example, a drug prescription that was ineffective because the dosage was too low, or being

(C) as, for example, having too low of a dosage of a prescribed drug for it to be effective, or being

(D) when they have, for example, been prescribed too low a drug dosage to be effective, or were

(E) for example, when they have a drug prescription with a dosage too low to be effective, or been


解析:

A. 正确。having been prescribed or having been taken off a drug是伴随状语,修饰received。解释“病人受到不充足治疗”的原因——“病人被开了低剂量的药或者停药过早”。

B. 伴随状语抽主干:patients have a drug prescription。此时,病人受到不充足治疗的原因是病人“主动拥有”了一个药方。逻辑上,既然是受到不充足治疗,一定是病人“被”怎么样了,而不是主动拥有一个药方。

C. 伴随状语主干为“病人拥有一个剂量”,语意有误同B。

D. when引导的状语从句只能表达“当...时候”,意为两个动作同一时间发生。但逻辑上,前后两句是因果关系,而非简单的时间关系。

E. when只能引导时间状语从句,不能表因果,错误同D。


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