# 如何备考GMAT考试逻辑题型之四：解题步骤

In 1985, paper mills in the country of Sapinia used a total of 80 million gal-lons of water daily. By 1990, however, daily usage had decreased to 40 million gallons. As encouraging as they seem, these figures do not show that the wa-ter- conservation techniques proposed for paper manufacturers in 1986 were widely adopted, since____________________.

(A) prior to 1985 few paper mills in the country of Sapinia had made any at-tempt to conserve water

(B) water is exceptionally cheap relative to other costs associated with paper manufacturing in Sapinia

(C) in 1990 increased worldwide demand for paper sharply increased the price of paper manufactured in Sapinia

(D) implementation of the water-conservation techniques, where it has oc-curred, has tended to increase the cost of paper

(E) in 1990 paper mills in Sapinia produced about half the amount of paper that they produced in 1985

“找结论”题，顾名思义，题干中没有结论，要求我们根据题干给出的信息，在不加入任何外部思想的情况下，自己从选项中找出“结论”。常见的问法有：

(1) If the statements above are true, then it is also possible that         .

(2) Which of the following conclusions could be most properly drawn from the information given above?

(3) Which of the following hypotheses is best supported by the statement given above?

(4) Which of the following statements can most properly be inferred from the information above?

(5) If the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true?

A football team’s fans expect the team to make the playoffs. If the team makes the playoffs then their fans expect it to win the Super Bowl. A team that is happy just to make the playoffs will upset its fans. The New York Giants’ pri-mary goal is to meet their fans’ expectations.

If the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true?

(A) The New York Giants is the most popular football team.

(B) A team that does not think its fans want it to make the playoffs will cer-tainly not make the playoffs.

(C) The Giants’ primary goal is possible only if they win the Super Bowl.

(D) If a team is happy just to make the playoffs one year, it won’t make the playoffs next year.

(E) The Giants’ fans are not currently upset.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the follow-ing roles?

Hunter: Many people blame hunters alone for the decline in Greenrock National Forest's deer population over the past ten years. Yet clearly, black bears have also played an important role in this decline. In the past ten years, the forest's protected black bear population has risen sharply, and examina-tion of black bears found dead in the forest during the deer hunting season showed that a number of them had recently fed on deer.

In the hunter's argument, the portion in boldface plays which of the following roles?

(A) It is the main conclusion of the argument.

(B) It is a finding that the argument seeks to explain.

(C) It is a correct explanation that the argument concludes.

(D) It provides evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument.

(E) It introduces a judgment that the argument opposes.

1. 通读整个文段，判断文段的主结论；确定主结论后，判断两黑体部分和主结论的关系。

2. 看选项时，不要过分关注那些抽象名词的意思（例如选项B中的finding和选项D中的evidence等），要把关注点放在这些抽象名词身后的定语从句上。那些定语从句真正揭示了黑脸部分的作用。